Coming from the South
Many families came to the North from the segregated South. Jim Crow laws enforced the separation of people based on race and limited economic opportunities. People risked life and limb to defy these dehumanizing laws, and millions of African Americans migrated to seek a better life and opportunities. The first "Great Migration" took place during World War I. The second and greatest "Great Migration" occurred between the 1940s and 1960s. African Americans moved to cities in the South, North, West, and Midwest. However, migrating elsewhere did not mean they escaped segregation - it just presented itself differently.